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(National Eligibility Test / Junior Research Fellowship)

NET /JRF- National Eligibility Test is a national level test of the University Grants Commission (UGC) for the award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) to eligible candidates. It is conducted by NTA twice in a year. Postgraduate students, who want to undertake research studies in the field of Humanities and Social Sciences can apply.


  • The applicants must have completed a master’s degree or equivalent with at least 55% marks in Humanities (including languages) from UGC-recognised universities/institutions.
  • The candidates belonging to reserved categories like SC, ST, OBC and PWD are eligible for 5% relaxation in marks.
  • The applicants who have appeared for the final exam of master’s degree or equivalent course are eligible for provisional admittance. These candidates are considered for the award of JRF only after passing the exam with a minimum of 55% (50% for reserved category students). The candidates must complete their master’s degree within two years from the date of the UGC NET result with the required percentage of marks, failing which leads to the disqualification of the candidates.
  • Those PhD degree holders who passed their master’s degree by 19th September 1991 (irrespective of the date of declaration of result) get a relaxation of 5% in total marks.
  • The age of the applicants must not be more than 30 years. The applicants of reserved categories and women candidates get a relaxation of 5 years in age.

Exam Pattern

  • The candidates appear for two papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2, conducted as Computer Based Test (CBT).
  • Paper 1 comprises 50 questions and Paper 2 consists of 100 questions. So, in total, the candidates need to attempt 150 questions.
  • Objective type of questions is asked in both the papers, in which Paper 1 is of 100 marks and Paper 2 is of 200 marks.
  • Questions in Paper 1 are of general nature and they aim to evaluate the teaching/research aptitude of the candidate. These questions also assess the reasoning ability, comprehension, divergent thinking and general awareness of the applicant.
  • Paper-1 is common for all and paper-2 is selected by the candidates themselves.